We invited more than 600 Canadian AMR stakeholders to participate in a survey. With around a 35% response rate, the information garnered from this questionnaire is a key input to chart the path of our network project.


Survey participants were asked to provide their primary professional designation. Researchers far and away comprised the biggest portion of of respondents (34%), followed by physicians (16%) and veterinarians (14%). A sizeable group of respondents (16%) selected other, indicating they occupy a variety of professions, such as policymakers, food safety officers, and sociologists, to name a few.


One Health Representation

This pie chart illustrates how our survey respondents are spread across the One Health spectrum. While the majority of our respondents worked in human health, we have wide representation across each dimension. It's important to note that some respondents selected more than one dimension — for example, animal and environmental health. In this case, "One Health" indicates that the respondent's organization works across the human, animal, and environmental health dimensions, and "Other" indicates that the respondent's organization works outside of One Health altogether — economists and mathematicians, for example, selected "Other." 

Geographic Distribution of Canadian AMR Stakeholders

We asked our survey participants to list their organization's regional mandates. A resounding majority of respondents noted that their work has national implications. While some regions had large representation — Ontario and Alberta, for example — we did achieve representation across all of Canada's provinces and territories. 


Working Across

the Four Pillars


We asked participants to list which of the four pillars from the Public Health Agency of Canada's Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Use: A Pan-Canadian Framework for Action their work could be best categorized under. Interestingly, the vast majority did not associate with the pillars at all, and those who did often selected more than one. Some examples of work that fell outside of the pillars are economics, business, and law.


The majority of our respondents work in academia, but we received wide representation from a diversity of other sectors as well. Some common sectors include human health, animal health, therapeutics and pharmaceutical development, diagnostics, and government. 


AMR Activities Currently Underway in Canada

Our survey tasked participants with listing the AMR-related activities that their organizations currently have underway. Awareness, education, knowledge translation, and research seem to be the key AMR activities taking place in Canada today. There is also considerable activity in the areas of surveillance, advocacy, and leadership. AMR activities relating to regulation, legislation, funding, and accreditation are currently underrepresented, according to our data.